Background: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is inadequately controlled in many patients and greatly affects quality of life. Remibrutinib, a highly selective, oral, novel covalent Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor, might be effective in CSU.
Objective: This first-in-patient trial aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of remibrutinib in CSU treatment and characterize the dose-response.
Methods: This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2b dose-finding trial evaluated remibrutinib (12 weeks) in patients inadequately controlled with second-generation H1-antihistamines, with at least moderately active CSU, with or without prior anti-IgE treatment (NCT03926611). Patients received remibrutinib 10 mg once daily, 35 mg once daily, 100 mg once daily, 10 mg twice daily, 25 mg twice daily, 100 mg twice daily, or placebo (1:1:1:1:1:1:1 ratio). The main end points were weekly Urticaria Activity Score change from baseline at week 4 and safety.
Results: Overall, 311 patients were randomized. Reduced symptom score was observed for all remibrutinib doses from week 1 until week 12, with weekly Urticaria Activity Score change from baseline at week 4: -19.1 (10 mg once daily), -19.1 (35 mg once daily), -14.7 (100 mg once daily), -16.0 (10 mg twice daily), -20.0 (25 mg twice daily), -18.1 (100 mg twice daily), and -5.4 for placebo (nominal P < .0001 for all doses vs placebo). Most adverse events were mild or moderate, with no dose-dependent pattern.
Conclusion: Remibrutinib was highly effective in the treatment of CSU over the entire dose range, with a rapid onset of action and a favorable safety profile.
Keywords: Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor; chronic spontaneous urticaria; remibrutinib (LOU064).
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