Performance evaluation of using evacuated tubes solar collector, perforated fins, and pebbles in a solar still - experimental study and CO2 mitigation analysis

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2023 Jan;30(5):11769-11784. doi: 10.1007/s11356-022-22809-z. Epub 2022 Sep 13.


The combination of various methods of increasing evaporation rate can highly impact the performance of solar desalination. This investigation aims to find the impact of using evacuated tubes solar collector, perforated fins, and pebbles on the performance enhancement of a solar still. Simultaneously six-evacuated-tube solar collector to raise the evaporation rate of the system, the perforated fins to increase the heat transfer surface between water and absorber, and the immersed pebbles stone in the water to keep the high water temperature at low solar radiation were considered. The hourly and cumulative distillate output (DO) values are presented separately for the daytime and nighttime to provide extensive insight. The results indicate that on a sample day from the six months of experiments, which was in February 2019, the time for DO peak shifts from 1 to 3 p.m. Moreover, the temperature values for MSS experience almost 43 ℃ jumps on the peak and almost 19 ℃ increase on average compared to CSS. Furthermore, the cumulative DO in the daytime reaches from 2.515 to 6.662 L, while during the nighttime, an increase from 0.057 to 0.872 L is observed. Additionally, during the six months, the average DO jumps from 2.88 to 7.03 L, which means a significant enhancement of 144.1%. Moreover, the costs per liter of MSS and CSS are 0.0051 and 0.0056 dollars per liter, respectively. The net amount of CO2 reduction of MSS was improved by about 2.44 times higher than CSS.

Keywords: Distillate output; Energy storage; Experimental study; Solar still; Water temperature.

MeSH terms

  • Animal Fins
  • Animals
  • Carbon Dioxide*
  • Fever
  • Solar Energy*
  • Water


  • Carbon Dioxide
  • Water