Presepsin cut-off value for diagnosis of sepsis in patients with renal dysfunction

PLoS One. 2022 Sep 14;17(9):e0273930. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0273930. eCollection 2022.

Abstract

Presepsin is used as a marker for diagnosing sepsis, but its serum concentration is affected by renal function. We investigated the effect of the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) determined by creatinine on the diagnostic accuracy of presepsin to identify the optimal cut-off value in patients with renal dysfunction. A total of 834 patients aged ≥18 years with serum presepsin and creatinine measured on the same day over a period of 1 year were included. Sepsis was diagnosed in three ways: sepsis-1, sepsis-3, and clinical diagnosis (Sep-C). Presepsin showed a significant negative correlation with eGFR (r = -0.55, p<0.01), with median and interquartile ranges of presepsin values for patients in each eGFR category as follows: ≥90, 263 (169-460); ≥60-<90, 309 (205-578); ≥45-<60, 406 (279-683); ≥30-<45, 605 (379-1109); ≥15-<30, 1027 (675-1953); <15, 1977 (1199-3477); and on hemodialysis, 3964 (2343-6967). In receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the area under the curve (AUC) for sepsis-1 was the lowest (0.64 ± 0.02), while Sep-C (0.80± 0.03) and sepsis-3 (0.75 ± 0.03) were moderately accurate. Comparing AUCs after dividing patients into eGFR ≥60 and <60 showed that the AUC of Sep-C was lower in the eGFR ≥60 group, while the AUC of sepsis-3 was ≥ 0.7 in both groups. The following cut-offs were obtained by ROC analysis for sepsis-3: 466 pg/mL in the ≥60 group and 960 pg/mLin the < 60 group. Presepsin facilitated diagnosis sepsis based on sepsis-3 criteria regardless of renal function. We found that the optimal cut-offs for patients in this study were 500 pg/mL for eGFR ≥ 60 and 1000 pg/mL for < 60. However, future prospective diagnostic studies on sepsis-3 are needed to determine the cut-offs for patients with renal dysfunction.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Creatinine
  • Humans
  • Kidney Diseases*
  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Sepsis* / complications
  • Sepsis* / diagnosis

Substances

  • Lipopolysaccharide Receptors
  • Peptide Fragments
  • presepsin protein, human
  • Creatinine

Grant support

The authors received no specific funding for this work.