Medial orbitofrontal neurotrophin systems integrate hippocampal input into outcome-specific value representations

Cell Rep. 2022 Sep 13;40(11):111334. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2022.111334.


In everyday life, we mentally represent possible consequences of our behaviors and integrate specific outcome values into existing knowledge to inform decisions. The medial orbitofrontal cortex (MO) is necessary to adapt behaviors when outcomes are not immediately available-when they and their values need to be envisioned. Nevertheless, neurobiological mechanisms remain unclear. We find that the neuroplasticity-associated neurotrophin receptor tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) is necessary for mice to integrate outcome-specific value information into choice behavior. This function appears attributable to memory updating (and not retrieval) and the stabilization of dendritic spines on excitatory MO neurons, which led us to investigate inputs to the MO. Ventral hippocampal (vHC)-to-MO projections appear conditionally necessary for value updating, involved in long-term aversion-based value memory updating. Furthermore, vHC-MO-mediated control of choice is TrkB dependent. Altogether, we reveal a vHC-MO connection by which specific value memories are updated, and we position TrkB within this functional circuit.

Keywords: CP: Neuroscience; goal; memory; orbital; orbitofrontal; reward; value.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Hippocampus* / physiology
  • Mice
  • Nerve Growth Factors*
  • Neuronal Plasticity / physiology
  • Prefrontal Cortex / physiology
  • Signal Transduction


  • Nerve Growth Factors