Liver macrophages in health and disease

Immunity. 2022 Sep 13;55(9):1515-1529. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2022.08.002.


Single-cell and spatial transcriptomic technologies have revealed an underappreciated heterogeneity of liver macrophages. This has led us to rethink the involvement of macrophages in liver homeostasis and disease. Identification of conserved gene signatures within these cells across species and diseases is enabling the correct identification of specific macrophage subsets and the generation of more specific tools to track and study the functions of these cells. Here, we discuss what is currently known about the definitions of these different macrophage populations, the markers that can be used to identify them, how they are wired within the liver, and their functional specializations in health and disease.

Keywords: Kupffer cells; LAMs; NASH; integrated niche; lipid-associated macrophages; liver disease; liver homeostasis; liver macrophages.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Homeostasis
  • Kupffer Cells*
  • Liver*
  • Macrophages / physiology
  • Transcriptome