Association between retinal vein occlusion and early-stage hypertension: A propensity score analysis using a large claims database

Eye (Lond). 2022 Sep 14. doi: 10.1038/s41433-022-02241-w. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Backgrounds/objectives: The threshold of hypertension was lowered from systolic blood pressure (SBP)/diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 140/90 mmHg to 130/80 mmHg by the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association blood pressure (BP) guideline. Thus, we investigated the association between retinal vein occlusion (RVO) occurrence and early-stage hypertension.

Subjects/methods: This retrospective cohort study used the JMDC Claims Database (JMDC Inc., Tokyo, Japan) between 2005 and 2020. Individuals undergoing health checkups who had data on BP and did not take antihypertensive medications were included. They were classified into four BP groups: normal BP (SBP < 120 mmHg and DBP < 80 mmHg), elevated BP (SBP 120-129 mmHg and DBP < 80 mmHg), stage 1 hypertension (SBP 130-139 mmHg or DBP 80-89 mmHg), and stage 2 hypertension (SBP ≥ 140 mmHg or DBP ≥ 90 mmHg). Date of RVO occurrence was defined as the first date of diagnosis. We estimated adjusted hazard ratios for RVO and central RVO using weighted Cox regression to adjust for potential confounders.

Results: A total of 2,703,264 individuals were eligible. During a mean follow-up of 1,091 days, 3,526 RVO and 828 central RVO events occurred. The adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals) were 1.37 (1.19-1.57), 1.95 (1.75-2.18), and 3.33 (2.95-3.76) for RVO and 1.44 (1.07-1.93), 2.17 (1.72-2.73), and 3.76 (2.91-4.86) for central RVO in the elevated BP, stage 1 hypertension, and stage 2 hypertension groups, respectively, compared with the normal BP group.

Conclusions: Even individuals with early-stage hypertension showed higher risks for RVO and central RVO than individuals with normal BP.