Purpose: This study was undertaken to collect baseline growth parameters in children with achondroplasia who might enroll in interventional trials of vosoritide, and to establish a historical control.
Methods: In this prospective, observational study, participants (≤17 years) underwent a detailed medical history and physical examination and were followed every 3 months until they finished participating in the study by enrolling in an interventional trial or withdrawing.
Results: A total of 363 children were enrolled (28 centers, 8 countries). Mean (SD) follow up was 20.4 (15.0) months. In participants <1 year, mean annualized growth velocity (AGV) was 11.6 cm/year for girls and 14.6 cm/year for boys. By age 1 year, mean AGV decreased to 7.4 cm/year in girls and 7.1 cm/year in boys. By age 10 years, mean AGV decreased to 3.6 cm/year for both sexes. Mean height z-score in participants <1 year was -2.5 for girls and -3.2 for boys and decreased up to the age 5 years (-5.3 for girls; -4.6 for boys). Girls and boys had a disproportionate upper-to-lower body segment ratio. Mean ratio was highest in participants aged <1 year (2.9 for girls; 2.8 for boys) and decreased gradually to approximately 2 in both sexes from 4 years of age onward.
Conclusion: This study represents one of the largest datasets of prospectively collected medical and longitudinal growth data in children with achondroplasia. It serves as a robust historical control to measure therapeutic interventions against and to further delineate the natural history of this condition.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01603095.
Keywords: Achondroplasia; Annualized growth velocity; Anthropometrics; Observational; Pediatrics.
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