Objective: To investigate the effectiveness and safety of angiotensin receptor-neprilysin inhibitors (ARNIs) in real-world patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and advanced chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] < 30 mL/min per 1.73 m2), which have been excluded from the landmark trials.
Patients and methods: This study examined 3281 patients pooled from two multicenter HFrEF cohorts, and 661 patients with baseline eGFR less than 30 mL/min per 1.73 m2 were further analyzed (the Taiwan Society of Cardiology - Heart Failure with reduced Ejection Fraction (TSOC-HFrEF) registry: May 1, 2013 to October 31, 2014, and the Treatment with Angiotensin Receptor neprilysin inhibitor fOr Taiwan Heart Failure patients (TAROT-HF) study: March 1, 2017, to December 31, 2018). Propensity score matching was performed to adjust for confounders. At 1-year follow-up, all-cause mortality, total heart failure hospitalizations, renal function, and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were used as the endpoints.
Results: After propensity score matching, 510 patients (age, 69.8±13.9 years; male, 61.0%; mean LVEF, 29.8±7.3%; mean eGFR, 19.8±9.0 mL/min per 1.73 m2) were included in the final analysis, including 278 patients receiving ARNI treatment (ARNI group) and 232 patients not on ARNI treatment (non-ARNI group). Baseline characteristics were comparable between the two groups. At 1 year, eGFR and LVEF measurements were significantly higher in the ARNI group than in the non-ARNI group (25.0±17.1 mL/min per 1.73 m2 vs 21.4±17.5 mL/min per 1.73 m2; P=.04; and 40.1±12.9% vs. 33.1±10.8%, P<.001, respectively). The ARNI group had significantly lower risks of 1-year all-cause mortality (19.4 vs 30.9 per 100-person year; P=.02), and total HF rehospitalizations (70.0 vs 110.4 per 100-person year; P=.01) than non-ARNI users.
Conclusion: Our results show the effectiveness of ARNIs in HFrEF patients with advanced chronic kidney disease in a real-world setting.
Copyright © 2022 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.