Hemp (Cannabis sativa subsp. sativa) Chemical Composition and the Application of Hempseeds in Food Formulations

Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2022 Dec;77(4):504-513. doi: 10.1007/s11130-022-01013-x. Epub 2022 Sep 16.


Owing to its nutritional and medicinal value, hemp has been cultivated to provide since ancient times. This review aims to map the scientific literature concerning the main functional components and the chemical composition of hemp plant. It is generally acknowledged that each organ of the hemp plant embodies a valuable source, and among them the most pivotal part is the edible fruits hempseeds. Hempseeds are rich in easily digestible proteins, fats, polyunsaturated fatty acids, and insoluble fiber, which are of high nutritional value. Furthermore, the beneficial effects have increased researchers' interests in hempseeds-containing foods. Developed as an indispensable ingredient, hempseed is also a significant supplement in various products, such as bakery food, drinks, snacks and culinary products. Overall, this review intends to promote the further in-depth investigation of approved hemp plants and expand the range of hempseeds adoption in the functional foods field.

Keywords: Bioactivity; Cannabinoids; Functional food; Hemp.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Allergens / analysis
  • Cannabis* / chemistry
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated / analysis
  • Nutritive Value
  • Seeds / chemistry


  • Allergens
  • Fatty Acids, Unsaturated