Application of poly aluminum chloride and alum as catalyst in catalytic ozonation process after coagulation for the treatment of textile wastewater

J Environ Manage. 2022 Dec 1;323:115977. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2022.115977. Epub 2022 Sep 13.

Abstract

Textile wastewater is ranked highly contaminated among all industrial waste. During textile processing, the consumption of dyes and complex chemicals at various stages makes textile industrial wastewater highly challenging. Therefore, conventional processes based on single-unit treatment may not be sufficient to comply with the environmental quality discharge standards and more stringent guidelines for zero discharge of hazardous chemicals (ZDHC). In this study, a novel approach was followed by recycling Poly aluminum chloride (PACl) and Alum as a catalyst for the first time in the catalytic ozonation treatment process leading to a nascent method after using them as a coagulant in Coagulation/Flocculation. In the current investigation, six different combinations were studied to remove turbidity, TSS, COD, BOD5, color, and biodegradability (BOD5/COD ratios) of wastewater. Moreover, Central Composite Design was implied using RSM in Minitab software. During the combination of treatment processes, it was found that the pre-coagulation/flocculation with coagulant PACl followed by post-catalytic ozonation with recycled PACl, a more effective treatment than others. The optimum R.E of turbidity, TSS, COD, and color were 84%, 86%, 89%, and 98%, respectively. Moreover, a decrease in toxicity and increase in biodegradability (BOD5/COD ratio from 0.29 to 0.54) was observed as well. The electrical energy demand and operational costs of treatment processes were estimated and compared with other treatment processes.

Keywords: Catalytic ozonation; Coagulant recycling; Coagulation-flocculation; Textile wastewater.

MeSH terms

  • Alum Compounds
  • Aluminum Chloride
  • Coloring Agents
  • Flocculation
  • Hazardous Substances
  • Industrial Waste
  • Ozone*
  • Textiles
  • Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods
  • Waste Water
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical*
  • Water Purification* / methods

Substances

  • Alum Compounds
  • Coloring Agents
  • Hazardous Substances
  • Industrial Waste
  • Waste Water
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical
  • aluminum sulfate
  • Aluminum Chloride
  • Ozone