Blocking Lipid Uptake Pathways Does not Prevent Toxicity in Adipose Triglyceride Lipase (ATGL) Deficiency

J Lipid Res. 2022 Nov;63(11):100274. doi: 10.1016/j.jlr.2022.100274. Epub 2022 Sep 15.


Lipid accumulation in nonadipose tissues can cause lipotoxicity, leading to cell death and severe organ dysfunction. Adipose triglyceride lipase (ATGL) deficiency causes human neutral lipid storage disease and leads to cardiomyopathy; ATGL deficiency has no current treatment. One possible approach to alleviate this disorder has been to alter the diet and reduce the supply of dietary lipids and, hence, myocardial lipid uptake. However, in this study, when we supplied cardiac Atgl KO mice a low- or high-fat diet, we found that heart lipid accumulation, heart dysfunction, and death were not altered. We next deleted lipid uptake pathways in the ATGL-deficient mice through the generation of double KO mice also deficient in either cardiac lipoprotein lipase or cluster of differentiation 36, which is involved in an lipoprotein lipase-independent pathway for FA uptake in the heart. We show that neither deletion ameliorated ATGL-deficient heart dysfunction. Similarly, we determined that non-lipid-containing media did not prevent lipid accumulation by cultured myocytes; rather, the cells switched to increased de novo FA synthesis. Thus, we conclude that pathological storage of lipids in ATGL deficiency cannot be corrected by reducing heart lipid uptake.

Keywords: CD36; FA synthesis; LpL; dietary fat; heart failure; lipid accumulation; lipid droplets; lipotoxicity; myocardial lipid uptake; storage diseases.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acyltransferases* / deficiency
  • Acyltransferases* / genetics
  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Cardiomyopathies* / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lipase / metabolism
  • Lipoprotein Lipase* / genetics
  • Lipoprotein Lipase* / metabolism
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Myocardium / metabolism
  • Triglycerides / metabolism


  • Lipase
  • Lipoprotein Lipase
  • Triglycerides
  • PNPLA2 protein, mouse
  • Acyltransferases