Survivors of sepsis hospitalization are at high risk for postsepsis morbidity, readmission, and death, but these negative outcomes can be mitigated by receipt of recommended care practices. We sought to assess factors associated with the receipt of recommended recovery-oriented care practices during hospitalization for sepsis. We hypothesized that patients treated in the ICU may be more likely than ward-treated patients to receive recommended care practices given the increasing focus on survivorship in the critical care field.
Design: Observational cohort study.
Setting: Michigan Medicine, a tertiary academic medical center.
Patients: Adult patients discharged alive from a hospitalization with a primary diagnosis of sepsis or septic shock in 2019. We further limited our cohort to patients receiving longitudinal care viewable in the Michigan Medicine electronic health record to ensure ability to capture posthospital care and outcomes.
Measurements and main results: Three-hundred sixty-five sepsis hospitalizations met study inclusion criteria. Using structured chart review, we determined receipt of the following recovery-based care practices during hospitalization: medication optimization, functional status evaluation at discharge, sepsis education, and scheduled follow-up within 2 weeks. The cohort was 46.6% female, 81.1% White, with a median age of 64 years. 51.2% were treated in the ICU. Medication optimization occurred in 93.7%, functional status evaluation in 82.7%, sepsis education in 20.0%, and scheduled follow-up within 2 weeks in 54.5%. ICU-treated patients had lower receipt of medication optimization and follow-up scheduling but greater receipt of functional and mental health status evaluations. In multivariable models, ICU treatment was associated with lower odds of receiving medication optimization (adjusted odds ratio, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.03-0.69) and not associated with receipt of other care practices.
Conclusions: Our study shows incomplete receipt of recommended recovery-based care practices during sepsis hospitalization in both ward and ICU-treated patients. Sepsis education and mental health evaluation were particularly uncommon.
Copyright © 2022 The Authors. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. on behalf of the Society of Critical Care Medicine.