Closure and anastomosis of the pancreas using a four-needle three-loop suture device

Glob Health Med. 2022 Aug 31;4(4):225-229. doi: 10.35772/ghm.2022.01044.

Abstract

Pancreatic juice can leak not only from the main pancreatic duct but also from unclosed ductal branches appearing on the pancreatic stump. We have developed a suture device consisting of three loops of suture attached to four small-curvature needles with the aim to maximize the area of pancreatic parenchyma to be ligated and reduce the number of punctures made on the pancreas during pancreatic closure or anastomosis. In pancreatojejunostomy, the dorsal wall of the jejunum and then the pancreatic parenchyma are sutured using the four needles. Following duct-to-mucosa anastomosis, the ventral jejunal wall is sutured, and the three threads are finally tied sequentially to complete the reconstruction following the Blumgart method. In distal pancreatectomy, the pancreatic stump is sutured from the dorsal aspect sequentially using the four needles, before or after the pancreatic transection. The three threads are then respectively tied on the ventral surface of the pancreas. This device was used in six pancreatoduodenectomies (including two minimally invasive procedures) and five distal pancreatectomies. A postoperative pancreatic fistula requiring additional drainage or repositioning of abdominal drains developed in two patients. No adverse events associated with this device were encountered. The four-needle three-loop suture device can be an alternative to conventional staplers or sutures for closure and anastomosis of the pancreatic stump.

Keywords: distal pancreatectomy; pancreatic fistula; pancreatic leak; pancreatic reconstruction; pancreaticoduodenectomy; suture device.