Glycated albumin and continuous glucose monitoring metrics across pregnancy in women with pre-gestational diabetes

Endocrinol Diabetes Metab. 2022 Nov;5(6):e376. doi: 10.1002/edm2.376. Epub 2022 Sep 19.

Abstract

Introduction: Glycated albumin (GA), a biomarker reflecting short-term glycaemia, may be useful to assess glycaemic control in pregnancy. We examined the association between GA and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) metrics across gestation.

Methods: In this prospective cohort study including 40 women with pre-gestational diabetes, blood samples for analysis of GA and glycated haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were collected at pregnancy week 12, 20, 24, 28, 32 and 36. In the CGM-group (n = 19), CGM data were collected from first trimester until pregnancy week 36. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to assess the accuracy of GA and HbA1c to detect poor glycaemic control, using CGM metrics as the reference standard. This study was conducted at Stavanger University Hospital, Norway, in 2016-2018.

Results: Glycaemic control improved across gestation with more time spent in target range, coinciding with decreased glycaemic variability and lower mean GA level. There was statistically significant correlation between GA and most CGM metrics. The area under the ROC curves (AUC) for detecting time in range <70% and time above range >25% for the pregnancy glucose target 63-140 mg/dl (3.5-7.8 mmol/L) were 0.78 and 0.82 for GA, whereas AUCs of 0.60 and 0.72 were found for HbA1c, respectively.

Conclusions: Higher GA levels were associated with less time spent in target range, more time spent in the above range area and increased glycaemic variability. GA was more accurate than HbA1c to detect time above range >25% and time in range <70%.

Keywords: continuous glucose monitoring; glycated albumin; glycated haemoglobin A1c; pregnancy; type 1 diabetes; type 2 diabetes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Benchmarking
  • Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring
  • Blood Glucose*
  • Diabetes, Gestational* / diagnosis
  • Female
  • Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin
  • Glycated Serum Albumin
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Prospective Studies

Substances

  • Glycated Hemoglobin A
  • Blood Glucose
  • Glucose
  • Glycated Serum Albumin