Asymmetric chromatin retention and nuclear envelopes separate chromosomes in fused cells in vivo

Commun Biol. 2022 Sep 19;5(1):953. doi: 10.1038/s42003-022-03874-z.

Abstract

Hybrid cells derived through fertilization or somatic cell fusion recognize and separate chromosomes of different origins. The underlying mechanisms are unknown but could prevent aneuploidy and tumor formation. Here, we acutely induce fusion between Drosophila neural stem cells (neuroblasts; NBs) and differentiating ganglion mother cells (GMCs) in vivo to define how epigenetically distinct chromatin is recognized and segregated. We find that NB-GMC hybrid cells align both endogenous (neuroblast-origin) and ectopic (GMC-origin) chromosomes at the metaphase plate through centrosome derived dual-spindles. Physical separation of endogenous and ectopic chromatin is achieved through asymmetric, microtubule-dependent chromatin retention in interphase and physical boundaries imposed by nuclear envelopes. The chromatin separation mechanisms described here could apply to the first zygotic division in insects, arthropods, and vertebrates or potentially inform biased chromatid segregation in stem cells.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Chromatin / genetics
  • Chromosomes
  • Drosophila / genetics
  • Drosophila Proteins* / genetics
  • Nuclear Envelope*

Substances

  • Chromatin
  • Drosophila Proteins