Correlation between ocular residual astigmatism and anterior corneal astigmatism in children with low and moderate myopia

BMC Ophthalmol. 2022 Sep 19;22(1):374. doi: 10.1186/s12886-022-02560-2.

Abstract

Background: To assess the correlation between ocular residual astigmatism and anterior corneal astigmatism in children with low and moderate myopia.

Methods: Refractive astigmatism was determined by subjective manifest refraction. Anterior corneal astigmatism was determined by IOL Master. Thibos vector analysis was used to calculate ocular residual astigmatism. Correlation analysis was used to assess the relationship between the amounts of ocular residual astigmatism and anterior corneal astigmatism. The relationship between the vectors of ocular residual astigmatism and anterior corneal astigmatism was evaluated by a physical method.

Results: The study analysed 241 right eyes of 241 children aged 8 to 18 years old. In this study, the median magnitude of ocular residual astigmatism was 1.02 D, with an interquartile range was of 0.58 D. Against-the-rule ocular residual astigmatism was seen in 232 eyes (96.3%). There was a significant and moderate correlation between ocular residual astigmatism and anterior corneal astigmatism (r = 0.50, P < 0.001). Ocular residual astigmatism compensated for anterior corneal astigmatism in 240 eyes (99.6%). The mean compensation value was 1.00 ± 0.41 D (range 0.02 D to 2.34 D). Based on this effect, 37 eyes had a different axial classification of anterior corneal astigmatism and refractive astigmatism. In contrast, one eye (0.4%) had oblique ocular residual astigmatism and the ocular residual astigmatism superimposed with-the-rule anterior corneal astigmatism.

Conclusions: The magnitude of ocular residual astigmatism was relatively large in myopic children and predominantly compensated for anterior corneal astigmatism. Ocular residual astigmatism should be assessed in patients before fitting them with orthokeratology lenses.

Keywords: Anterior corneal astigmatism; Myopia; Ocular residual astigmatism; Orthokeratology.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Astigmatism* / diagnosis
  • Child
  • Cornea
  • Corneal Diseases*
  • Humans
  • Myopia* / complications
  • Refraction, Ocular