The lateral line mechanoreceptive mesencephalic, diencephalic, and telencephalic regions in the thornback ray, Platyrhinoidis triseriata (Elasmobranchii)

J Comp Physiol A. 1987 Jun;161(1):67-84. doi: 10.1007/BF00609456.


Central lateral line pathways were mapped in the thronback ray, Platyrhinoidis triseriata, by analyzing depth profiles of averaged evoked potentials (AEPs), multiunit activity (MUA), and single unit recordings. Neural activity evoked by contra- or ipsilateral posterior lateral line nerve (pLLN) shock is restricted to the tectum mesencephali, the dorsomedial nucleus (DMN) and anterior nucleus (AN) of the mesencephalic nuclear complex, the posterior central thalamic nucleus (PCT), the lateral tuberal nucleus of the hypothalamus, and the deep medial pallium of the telencephalon (Figs. 2, 3, 4, 6, 7). Neural responses (AEPs and MUA) recorded in different lateral line areas differ with respect to shape, dynamic response properties, and/or latencies (Figs. 9, 10 and Table 1). Ipsilaterally recorded mesencephalic and diencephalic AEPs are less pronounced and of longer latency than their contralateral counterpart (Fig. 9 and Table 1). In contrast, AEP recorded in the telencephalon show a weak ipsilateral preference. If stimulated with a low amplitude water wave most DMN, AN, and tectal lateral line units respond in the frequency range 6.5 Hz to 200 Hz. Best frequencies (in terms of least displacement) are 75-150 Hz with a peak-to-peak water displacement of 0.04 micron sufficient to evoke a response in the most sensitive units (Fig. 11A, B, C). DMN and AN lateral line units have small excitatory receptive fields (RFs). Anterior, middle, and posterior body surfaces map onto the rostral, middle, and posterior brain surfaces of the contralateral DMN (Fig. 12). Some units recorded in the PCT are bimodal; they respond to a hydrodynamic flow field--generated with a ruler approaching the fish--only if the light is on and the eye facing the ruler is left uncovered (Fig. 13).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diencephalon / physiology*
  • Electric Fish / physiology*
  • Electric Stimulation / methods
  • Mechanoreceptors / physiology*
  • Mesencephalon / physiology*
  • Skates, Fish / physiology*
  • Telencephalon / physiology*