Prediction of leisure-time exercise behavior: a path analysis (LISREL V) model

J Behav Med. 1987 Apr;10(2):145-58. doi: 10.1007/BF00846423.


In an attempt to understand the inherent process underlying the regular practice of physical activity, the relationships among subjective norm, attitude, habit, intention, and future behaviors have been investigated in a random sample of 136 University of Toronto employees. For this purpose, leisure-time exercise behavior was measured on two occasions after a statement of intentions had been obtained: 3 weeks later (proximal behavior) and 2 months later (distal behavior). The results of a path analysis (LISREL) suggest that intention is directly influenced by habit and attitude, proximal behavior is the result of habit only, and distal behavior can be explained by a combination of intention and proximal behavior. Subjective norm was not a significant predictor of intention, proximal behavior, or distal behavior. This modeling approach offers a clearer understanding of the dynamics of exercise intention and behavior, strongly supporting the role of habit as a determinant of exercise behavior.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leisure Activities*
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Physical Exertion*
  • Software*