Decision aids for home and community care: a systematic review

BMJ Open. 2022 Aug 5;12(8):e061215. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-061215.


Objectives: Decision aids (DAs) for clients in home and community care can support shared decision-making (SDM) with patients, healthcare teams and informal caregivers. We aimed to identify DAs developed for home and community care, verify their adherence to international DA criteria and explore the involvement of interprofessional teams in their development and use.

Design: Systematic review reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines.

Data sources: Six electronic bibliographic databases (MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL Plus, Web of Science, PsycINFO and the Cochrane Library) from inception to November 2019, social media and grey literature websites up to January 2021.

Eligibility criteria: DAs designed for home and community care settings or including home care or community services as options.

Data extraction and synthesis: Two reviewers independently reviewed citations. Analysis consisted of a narrative synthesis of outcomes and a thematic analysis. DAs were appraised using the International Patient Decision Aid Standards (IPDAS). We collected information on the involvement of interprofessional teams, including nurses, in their development and use.

Results: After reviewing 10 337 database citations and 924 grey literature citations, we extracted characteristics of 33 included DAs. DAs addressed a variety of decision points. Nearly half (42%) were relevant to older adults. Several DAs did not meet IPDAS criteria. Involvement of nurses and interprofessional teams in the development and use of DAs was minimal (33.3% of DAs).

Conclusion: DAs concerned a variety of decisions, especially those related to older people. This reflects the complexity of decisions and need for better support in this sector. There is little evidence about the involvement of interprofessional teams in the development and use of DAs in home and community care settings. An interprofessional approach to designing DAs for home care could facilitate SDM with people being cared for by teams.

Prospero registration number: CRD42020169450.


Publication types

  • Systematic Review
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Decision Making
  • Decision Making, Shared
  • Decision Support Techniques
  • Home Care Services*
  • Humans
  • Patient Care Team
  • Patient Participation*