The development and roll-out of a new hydrocoele surgery facility assessment tool for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis

Int Health. 2022 Sep 21;14(Suppl 2):ii55-ii63. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihac020.


A hydrocoele surgery facility assessment tool (HSFAT) was developed to assess the readiness of hydrocoele surgery services in health facilities prior to implementation of hydrocoele surgical campaigns for the elimination of lymphatic filariasis (LF). A first version of the tool was piloted in Bangladesh, Malawi and Nepal in 2019, then, following feedback from country programme managers, a second version of the tool was rolled out across countries implementing hydrocoele surgery in the Accelerating the Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases (Ascend) West and Central Africa Programme, including Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, Niger and Nigeria. The HSFAT assessed facilities across 10 domains: background information, essential amenities, emergency patient transfer, laboratory capacity, surgical procedures and trained staff, infection prevention, non-disposable basic equipment, disposable basic equipment, essential medicines and current hydrocoele practices. The HSFAT results highlight key areas for improvement in different countries and can be used to develop a quality improvement plan, which may include actions with agreed deadlines to improve the readiness and quality of hydrocoele surgery services provided by the health facility, prior to implementation of surgical campaigns and assist country programmes to achieve the dossier requirements set out by the World Health Organization for the elimination of LF.

Keywords: hydrocelectomy, hydrocoele; lymphatic filariasis; surgery.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Elephantiasis, Filarial* / prevention & control
  • Health Facilities
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Neglected Diseases
  • Quality Improvement
  • Testicular Hydrocele* / surgery