Telementoring for endoscopic submucosal dissection in vivo training

Dig Endosc. 2023 Jan;35(1):140-145. doi: 10.1111/den.14440. Epub 2022 Oct 27.


The provision of endoscopic training was significantly disrupted during the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. It is difficult to provide training on endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) due to the complexity of the procedure and the shortage of local trainers. We have designed and conducted a simulation training course with telementoring, incorporating the concept of rapid cycle deliberate practice (RCDP). After a short tutorial on basic setup and maneuvering, the participants undergo 2 h of training on a live anesthetized pig to acquire the necessary skills for ESD. Two overseas experts were involved virtually in real time as telementors. A video camera was set up at each station, and both external and endoscopic views were transmitted live between the animal laboratory and telementors via the Zoom application. The overseas experts actively engaged in the simulation by giving live feedback and instructions to participants using visual aids supported by the meeting application. The training model utilized the concept of RCDP, where repeated immediate feedback and discussion would be carried out to enhance the efficiency of learning. Eighteen trainees were invited to participate in the course, six of them instructed by overseas telementors. Four ESD procedures were performed by participants under telementoring and achieved 100% en bloc resection without perforation. The times required for each ESD were similar with telementoring than that of on-site mentors. The establishment of telementoring has enabled knowledge and skill transfer of complex endoscopic procedures of ESD. With the limitations of international travel, this could be an alternative model allowing remote training, particularly when local experts are not readily available.

Keywords: endoscopic gastrointestinal surgery; endoscopic submucosal dissection; gastrointestinal neoplasm; simulation training; telemedicine.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • COVID-19*
  • Clinical Competence
  • Endoscopic Mucosal Resection* / methods
  • Endoscopy
  • Simulation Training*
  • Swine