"A salvage technique using a fibrous sheath to avoid the loss of the central veins in cases of pediatric intestinal failure"

Pediatr Surg Int. 2022 Dec;38(12):1855-1860. doi: 10.1007/s00383-022-05233-9. Epub 2022 Sep 22.

Abstract

Purpose: The number of accessible central veins (CVs) affects the prognosis of patients with intestinal failure (IF). The loss of residual CVs should be avoided. We, therefore, evaluated the efficacy of a new CV catheter-exchange technique using a subcutaneous fibrous sheath (FS) in pediatric IF patients.

Methods: We retrospectively collected the CV catheter (CVC) data of pediatric IF patients managed from January 2009 to December 2019. The data were divided into two groups; Groups 1 (CVCs placed with the FS method) and Group 2 (CVCs placed by the primary or another insertion). The main outcome was the CVC indwelling time.

Results: Eighty-five CVCs were analyzed. The FS method was attempted in 47 cases and succeeded in 40 (85%). No significant difference was observed between the groups regarding characteristics. A log-rank test revealed an equivalent CVC indwelling time between the two groups (Group 1: 268 [126-588] days vs. Group 2: 229 [126-387] days, p = 0.256).

Conclusions: The FS method is highly recommended for pediatric IF patients, as its attempt showed a high success rate with an indwelling time equivalent to primary insertion. The FS method leads to the prolonged use of a single CV and thereby contributes to improving the outcomes of pediatric IF patients.

Keywords: Central venous catheter; Fibrous sheath; Intestinal failure; Loss of central veins.

MeSH terms

  • Catheter-Related Infections*
  • Catheterization, Central Venous* / methods
  • Central Venous Catheters*
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Failure*
  • Retrospective Studies