Dendritic axon origin enables information gating by perisomatic inhibition in pyramidal neurons

Science. 2022 Sep 23;377(6613):1448-1452. doi: 10.1126/science.abj1861. Epub 2022 Sep 22.


Information processing in neuronal networks involves the recruitment of selected neurons into coordinated spatiotemporal activity patterns. This sparse activation results from widespread synaptic inhibition in conjunction with neuron-specific synaptic excitation. We report the selective recruitment of hippocampal pyramidal cells into patterned network activity. During ripple oscillations in awake mice, spiking is much more likely in cells in which the axon originates from a basal dendrite rather than from the soma. High-resolution recordings in vitro and computer modeling indicate that these spikes are elicited by synaptic input to the axon-carrying dendrite and thus escape perisomatic inhibition. Pyramidal cells with somatic axon origin can be activated during ripple oscillations by blocking their somatic inhibition. The recruitment of neurons into active ensembles is thus determined by axonal morphological features.

MeSH terms

  • Action Potentials / physiology
  • Animals
  • Axons* / physiology
  • Computer Simulation
  • Dendrites* / physiology
  • Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potentials*
  • Mice
  • Pyramidal Cells* / physiology