Viromes of 15 Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Cultivars

Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Sep 10;23(18):10507. doi: 10.3390/ijms231810507.


Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) plants produce berry fruits that are used as spices. Here, we examined the viromes of 15 pepper cultivars through RNA sequencing. We obtained 1,325 virus-associated contigs derived from 8 virus species. Bean broad wilt virus 2 (BBWV2) and cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) were identified as the major viruses infecting pepper plants, followed by potato virus Y, bell pepper endornavirus, and hot pepper endornavirus. The proportion of viral reads in each transcriptome ranged from 0.04% to 24.5%. BBWV2 was the dominant virus in seven cultivars, whereas CMV was dominant in five cultivars. All the bell pepper cultivars showed severe viral disease symptoms, whereas the commercially developed hot pepper cultivars were asymptomatic or had mild symptoms. In addition, 111 complete viral segments were obtained from 7 viruses. Based on the obtained viral genomes, the genetic relationship between the identified viruses and quasispecies of BBWV2 and CMV in each pepper plant was determined. Newly designed primers for nine viruses confirmed the results of RNA sequencing. Taken together, this study, for the first time, provides a comprehensive overview of viromes in 15 major pepper cultivars through RNA sequencing.

Keywords: Capsicum annuum; RNA sequencing; pepper; virome; virus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Capsicum* / genetics
  • Cucumovirus* / genetics
  • Cytomegalovirus Infections* / genetics
  • Genome, Viral
  • Piper nigrum* / genetics
  • Virome