Numerical Simulation of the Performance of Sb2Se3 Solar Cell via Optimizing the Optoelectronic Properties Based SCAPS-1D

Materials (Basel). 2022 Sep 9;15(18):6272. doi: 10.3390/ma15186272.


Antimony trisulfide (Sb2Se3), a non-toxic and accessible substance, has possibilities as a material for use in solar cells. The current study numerically analyses Sb2Se3 solar cells through the program Solar Cell Capacitance Simulator (SCAPS). A detailed simulation and analysis of the influence of the Sb2Se3 layer's thickness, defect density, band gap, energy level, and carrier concentration on the devices' performance are carried out. The results indicate that a good device performance is guaranteed with the following values in the Sb2Se3 layer: an 800 optimal thickness for the Sb2Se3 absorber; less than 1015 cm-3 for the absorber defect density; a 1.2 eV optimum band gap; a 0.1 eV energy level (above the valence band); and a 1014 cm-3 carrier concentration. The highest efficiency of 30% can be attained following optimization of diverse parameters. The simulation outcomes offer beneficial insights and directions for designing and engineering Sb2Se3 solar cells.

Keywords: SCAPS-1D; antimony triselenide; bandgap; career concentration; solar cells.

Grants and funding

This research was funded by Prince of Songkla University and Ministry of Higher Education Science (Grant Number REV64015), This work was also funded by Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (Public Organization): GISTDA, Thailand.