Energy Drinks and Sleep among Adolescents

Nutrients. 2022 Sep 15;14(18):3813. doi: 10.3390/nu14183813.


Many adolescents worldwide have the problem of meeting recommended nightly sleep hours. The causes of sleep disturbance are multifactorial, but interest in food's effect on sleep has dramatically increased lately. In this study, we investigated the association between regular energy drink (ED) intake (weekly or more frequent) and sufficient sleep (SS) (≥8 h) in adolescents. Additional objectives were to examine the relationship between health-related behaviors and SS, stratified by gender. A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted during the 2019/2020 school year from 12 schools in Belgrade. There were 1287 students aged 15 to 19 who participated (37.4% male). We used a modified version of the food frequency questionnaire adapted for Serbian adolescents. Logistic regression revealed that regular ED consumption was an independent risk factor negatively related to SS in both sexes. Additionally, daily vegetable and water intake (≥2 L) showed a positive correlation with SS in boys, while in girls, the odds of realizing SS decreased with statements of sedative use. In conclusion, we show that ED intake is negatively associated with SS in both sexes; daily vegetable and water intake (≥2 L) may raise the odds of SS in boys, while sedative use may decrease the chances of SS in girls.

Keywords: adolescents; caffeine; diet; energy drinks; mental health; physical activity; sleep.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Energy Drinks* / adverse effects
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypnotics and Sedatives
  • Male
  • Schools
  • Sleep
  • Surveys and Questionnaires


  • Hypnotics and Sedatives