Neurology of Acute Viral Infections

Neurohospitalist. 2022 Oct;12(4):632-646. doi: 10.1177/19418744221104778. Epub 2022 May 27.


As specialists in acute neurology, neurohospitalists are often called upon to diagnose and manage acute viral infections affecting the nervous system. In this broad review covering the neurology of several acute viral infections, our aim is to provide key diagnostic and therapeutic pearls of practical use to the busy neurohospitalist. We will review acute presentations, diagnosis, and treatment of human herpesviruses, arboviruses, enteroviruses, and some vaccine-preventable viruses. The neurological effects of coronaviruses, including COVID-19, are not covered in this review.

Keywords: central nervous system viral diseases; encephalitis; infectious disease medicine; meningitis; meningoencephalitis.

Publication types

  • Review