Effects of ruminal lipopolysaccharides on growth and fermentation end products of pure cultured bacteria

Sci Rep. 2022 Sep 23;12(1):15932. doi: 10.1038/s41598-022-20073-2.


Elevated levels of ruminal lipopolysaccharides (LPS) have been linked to ruminal acidosis; however, they result in reduced endotoxicity compared to LPS derived from species like Escherichia coli. Additionally, there is a knowledge gap on the potential effect of LPS derived from ruminal microbiome on ruminal bacteria species whose abundance is associated with ruminal acidosis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of LPS-free anaerobic water (CTRL), E. coli-LPS (E. COLI), ruminal-LPS (RUM), and a 1:1 mixture of E. coli and ruminal-LPS (MIX) on the growth characteristics and fermentation end products of lactate-producing bacteria (Streptococcus bovis JB1, Selenomonas ruminantium HD4) and lactate-utilizing bacterium (Megasphaera elsdenii T81). The growth characteristics were predicted based on the logistic growth model, the ammonia concentration was determined by the phenolic acid/hypochlorite method and organic acids were analyzed with high performance liquid chromatography. Results indicate that, compared to the CTRL, the maximum specific growth rate of S. bovis JB1 decreased by approximately 19% and 23% when RUM and MIX were dosed, respectively. In addition, acetate and lactate concentrations in Se. ruminantium HD4 were reduced by approximately 30% and 18%; respectively, in response to MIX dosing. Compared to CTRL, lactate concentration from S. bovis JB1 was reduced approximately by 31% and 22% in response to RUM and MIX dosing; respectively. In summary, RUM decreased the growth and lactate production of some lactate-producing bacteria, potentially mitigating the development of subacute ruminal acidosis by restricting lactate availability to some lactate-utilizing bacteria that metabolize lactate into VFAs thus further contributing to the development of acidosis. Also, RUM did not affect Megasphaera elsdenii T81 growth.

MeSH terms

  • Acetates / metabolism
  • Acidosis* / metabolism
  • Ammonia / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Bacteria / metabolism
  • Escherichia coli / metabolism
  • Fermentation
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Hypochlorous Acid / metabolism
  • Lactic Acid / metabolism
  • Lipopolysaccharides / metabolism
  • Rumen* / microbiology
  • Water / metabolism


  • Acetates
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Water
  • Lactic Acid
  • Hypochlorous Acid
  • Ammonia