First-In-Human Pilot PET Immunoimaging Study of 64Cu-Anti-Carcinoembryonic Antigen Monoclonal Antibody (hT84.66-M5A) in Patients with Carcinoembryonic Antigen-Producing Cancers

Cancer Biother Radiopharm. 2022 Sep 26. doi: 10.1089/cbr.2022.0028. Online ahead of print.


Background: PET imaging using radiolabeled immunoconstructs shows promise in cancer detection and in assessing tumor response to therapies. The authors report the first-in-human pilot study evaluating M5A, a humanized anti-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) monoclonal antibody (mAb), radiolabeled with 64Cu in patients with CEA-expressing malignancies. The purpose of this pilot study was to identify the preferred patient population for further evaluation of this agent in an expanded trial. Methods: Patients with CEA-expressing primary or metastatic cancer received 64Cu-DOTA-hT84.66-M5A with imaging performed at 1 and 2 days postinfusion. 64Cu-DOTA-hT84.66-M5A PET scan findings were correlated with CT, MRI, and/or FDG PET scans and with histopathologic findings from planned surgery or biopsy performed postscan. Results: Twenty patients received 64Cu-DOTA-hT84.66-M5A. Twelve patients demonstrated positive images, which were confirmed in 10 patients as tumor by standard-of-care (SOC) imaging, biopsy, or surgical findings. Four of the 8 patients with negative imaging were confirmed as true negative, with the remaining 4 patients having disease demonstrated by SOC imaging or surgery. All 5 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer underwent planned biopsy or surgery after 64Cu-DOTA-hT84.66-M5A imaging (4 patients imaged 6-8 weeks after completing neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy) and demonstrated a high concordance between biopsy findings and 64Cu-DOTA-hT84.66-M5A PET scan results. Three patients demonstrated positive uptake at the primary site later confirmed by biopsy and at surgery as residual disease. Two patients with negative scans each demonstrated complete pathologic response. In 5 patients with medullary thyroid cancer, 64Cu-DOTA-hT84.66-M5A identified disease not seen on initial CT scans in 3 patients, later confirmed to be disease by subsequent surgery or MRI. Conclusions: 64Cu-DOTA-hT84.66-M5A demonstrates promise in tumor detection, particularly in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer and medullary thyroid cancer. A successor trial in locally advanced rectal cancer has been initiated to further evaluate this agent's ability to define tumor extent before and assess disease response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy. clinical (NCT02293954).

Keywords: PET immunoimaging; carcinoembryonic antigen; medullary thyroid cancer; radiolabeled antibody; rectal cancer.

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