Manipulating Resistance Training Variables to Induce Muscle Strength and Hypertrophy: A Brief Narrative Review

Int J Exerc Sci. 2022 Jul 1;15(4):910-933. eCollection 2022.


The regular practice of resistance training (RT) has been shown to induce relevant increases in both muscle strength and size. In order to maximize these adaptations, the proper manipulation of RT variables is warranted. In this sense, the aim of the present study was to review the available literature that has examined the application of the acute training variables and their influence on strength and morphological adaptations of healthy young adults. The information presented in this study may represent a relevant approach to proper training design. Therefore, strength and conditioning coaches may acquire a fundamental understanding of RT-variables and the relevance of their practical application within exercise prescription.

Keywords: Exercise; muscle force; size; thickness.

Publication types

  • Review