G3BP2 regulates oscillatory shear stress-induced endothelial dysfunction

Genes Dis. 2021 Nov 19;9(6):1701-1715. doi: 10.1016/j.gendis.2021.11.003. eCollection 2022 Nov.


GTPase-activating SH3 domain-binding protein 2 (G3BP2) is a mediator that responds to environmental stresses through stress granule formation and is involved in the progression of chronic diseases. However, no studies have examined the contribution of G3BP2 in the oscillatory shear stress (OSS)-induced endothelial dysfunction. Here we assessed the effects of G3BP2 in endothelial cells (ECs) function and investigated the underlying mechanism. Using shear stress apparatus and partial ligation model, we identified that stress granule-related genes in ECs could be induced by OSS with RNA-seq, and then confirmed that G3BP2 was highly and specifically expressed in athero-susceptible endothelia in the OSS regions. G3bp2 -/- Apoe -/- mice had significantly decreased atherosclerotic lesions associated with deficiency of G3BP2 in protecting endothelial barrier function, decreasing monocyte adhesion to ECs and inhibiting the proinflammatory cytokine levels. Furthermore, loss of G3BP2 diminished OSS-induced inflammation in ECs by increasing YAP nucleocytoplasmic shuttling and phosphorylation. These data demonstrate that G3BP2 is a critical OSS regulated gene in regulating ECs function and that G3BP2 inhibition in ECs is a promising atheroprotective therapeutic strategy.

Keywords: Atherosclerosis; Endothelial cells (ECs); G3BP2; Oscillatory shear stress (OSS); YAP.