Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication in Kano State, Nigeria, 2010 - 2017

Pan Afr Med J. 2021 Nov 12;40(Suppl 1):9. doi: 10.11604/pamj.supp.2021.40.1.19318. eCollection 2021.


Introduction: Kano State in Northern Nigeria was a major source of Wild Polio Virus (WPV) cases in Nigeria up until 2015. In 2009, the State reported 168 WPV cases out of the 388 reported nationally. This paper characterizes the progress made by Kano State in polio eradication.

Methods: In December 2017, we conducted a descriptive review of Routine Immunization (RI) from both the District Vaccine Data Management Tool (DVD-MT) and District Health Information System (DHIS2) from 2010 to 2017. Also, we reviewed the Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) and Supplementary Immunization Activities (SIAs) data reported for Kano State from 2010 to 2017. Also, we obtained the number of reported WPV cases by serotypes.

Results: From 2010 to 2017, a total of 65 confirmed WPV cases were reported in Kano State. Of these, 58 (89%) were WPV1 and 7 (11%) WPV3. Almost half of these cases were reported in 2012 from 14 LGAs. The number of reported cases fell to 15 (23%) in 10 LGAs in 2013, and further decreased to 5 (8%) in four LGAs in 2014. No new WPV cases have been detected in Kano since 2015. During the same period, 23 circulating Vaccine Derived Polio Viruses (cVDPV2) cases were reported in Kano. Specifically, 10 LGAs reported 10 cases in 2011. Three LGAs reported three cases in 2012, while eight LGAs reported 10 total cases in 2014. During the 2010 to 2017 period 61 SIAs were conducted.

Conclusion: Kano State made progress toward polio eradication. Sustained eradication efforts, in form of high quality RI, SIAs and AFP surveillance are necessary to avert possible importation from 2016 polio resurgence in nearby Borno State, Nigeria.

Keywords: Kano State; polio eradication; wild polio virus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disease Eradication
  • Humans
  • Immunization Programs
  • Incidence
  • Nigeria / epidemiology
  • Poliomyelitis* / epidemiology
  • Poliomyelitis* / prevention & control
  • Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral
  • Poliovirus*
  • Population Surveillance


  • Poliovirus Vaccine, Oral