Data management needs assessment for the scale-up of district health information system and introduction of routine (essential) immunization module in Bauchi State, Nigeria, 2015

Pan Afr Med J. 2022 Feb 17;40(Suppl 1):13. doi: 10.11604/pamj.supp.2022.40.1.32458. eCollection 2021.


Introduction: the National Primary Health Care Development Agency, African Field Epidemiology Network, United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation are implementing a Routine Immunization (RI) Module as part of their Routine Health Data Management System based on the 2013 - 2015 Accountability Framework for RI in Nigeria. To inform planning and evidence-based decision making, a data management needs assessment was conducted in Bauchi state which was one of the states selected for the deployment of the DHIS2 RI module.

Methods: desk reviews were conducted, and a semi-structured questionnaire was administered in four Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Bauchi state that were selected based on the initial evaluation of the performance of all 20 Bauchi LGAs. Ganjuwa and Shira were selected as high-performing LGAs and Alkaleri and Bogoro as low-performing LGAs. Four Health Facilities (HF) were selected in each LGA based on rural or urban classification, type of HFs (private or public), security and accessibility.

Results: local Immunization Officers (LIOs) prepare monthly reports in high-performing LGAs, and Community Health Care workers are mostly (69%) responsible for report compilation at the HFs. Shira and Alkaleri met 77% and 44% of training indicator targets, respectively, in the previous 12 months. Data recording and reporting was the type of training received the most by health facility personnel. Functioning refrigerators were in all visited LGAs, working thermometer and updated temperature monitoring charts were available in all the cold chain stores. However, no health facility reported having available computers for data-related activities.

Conclusion: this assessment provided an improved understanding of the Bauchi state Routine Health Data Management System and informed the content of the state-wide scale-up.

Keywords: Bauchi State; Immunization data management; Nigeria; district health information system; health facility; health management information system; local government; routine immunization module.

MeSH terms

  • Data Management
  • Health Information Systems*
  • Humans
  • Immunization
  • Needs Assessment
  • Nigeria / epidemiology