Same-Day Discharge Following Aseptic Revision and Conversion Total Joint Arthroplasty: A Single-Institution Experience

Arthroplast Today. 2022 Sep 20:17:159-164. doi: 10.1016/j.artd.2022.07.022. eCollection 2022 Oct.

Abstract

Background: With hospital inpatient capacity increasingly limited and primary total joint arthroplasty (TJA) rapidly transitioning to outpatient settings, the feasibility of outpatient aseptic revision and conversion TJA (rTJA) has been considered. Before the widespread adoption of outpatient rTJA, guidelines must be established to prevent patient harm. To this end, this study describes our initial experience with same-day-discharge (SDD) aseptic rTJA.

Methods: All aseptic rTJAs performed between May 8, 2015, and December 30, 2021, were retrospectively reviewed. Revision indications, patient selection criteria, and outcomes including SDD success rate, predischarge complications, all-cause emergency department visits, inpatient readmissions, and unplanned clinic encounters within 90 days of surgery were recorded.

Results: Thirty-five SDD aseptic rTJAs were performed. Conversion total hip arthroplasty (55.0%) and instability (27.3%) were the most common indications for hip revision. Instability (50%) and conversion total knee arthroplasty (20.8%) were most common for knee revision. SDD was achieved in 97% (34/35) of cases. One hip patient failed SDD due to persistent hypoxia requiring an overnight hospital stay and also underwent closed reduction for dislocation in the emergency department within 90 days of discharge. Two additional patients had unplanned clinic encounters within 90 days of the index procedure. There were no hospital readmissions or reoperations within 90 days.

Conclusions: Our initial experience suggests SDD aseptic rTJA can be safe and effective when modern perioperative outpatient protocols and surgical techniques are implemented. Future studies should further define patient selection criteria to optimize outcomes and minimize complications in this population.

Keywords: Outpatient arthroplasty; Revision total hip arthroplasty; Revision total joint arthroplasty; Revision total knee arthroplasty; Same-day discharge.