Surgical drainage procedures for paediatric chronic pancreatitis: a scoping review

Pediatr Surg Int. 2022 Dec;38(12):1949-1964. doi: 10.1007/s00383-022-05242-8. Epub 2022 Sep 26.


Paediatric chronic pancreatitis (CP) is a relatively rare entity, but it can be accompanied by debilitating complications such as pseudocysts, chronic pain and pancreatic duct obstruction. Surgical drainage procedures, such as pancreaticojejunostomy or cystogastrostomy/jejunostomy to address these complications may be required; however, there is a paucity of evidence as to the efficacy and long-term outcomes of these operations in the paediatric population. A scoping review of contemporary (post-2000) studies detailing surgical pancreatic drainage procedures performed in children (< 18 years) was undertaken. After screening, 24 case series detailing a total of 248 patients met the inclusion criteria. Longitudinal pancreaticojejunostomy and cystogastrostomy were the most common surgical procedures performed in children with CP and pseudocysts, respectively. Overall generally favourable outcomes were reported, but all studies were considered to have a high risk of bias. Operative management for paediatric CP is infrequently required; therefore, large prospective studies or trials focusing on this population are infeasible, limiting the best available evidence on the topic to case series, level IV. Recommendations to improve the quality of surgical care in the paediatric CP population could include centralisation and the formation of registries to allow accurate long-term follow-up.

Keywords: Chronic pancreatitis; Cystogastrostomy; Frey procedure; Paediatric; Pancreaticojejunostomy; Pseudocyst.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Drainage / methods
  • Humans
  • Pancreas / surgery
  • Pancreatic Pseudocyst* / etiology
  • Pancreaticojejunostomy / methods
  • Pancreatitis, Chronic* / surgery
  • Prospective Studies