A mini-review on the plant sources and methods for extraction of rhamnogalacturonan I

Food Chem. 2023 Mar 1;403:134378. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.134378. Epub 2022 Sep 21.


Rhamnogalacturonan type I (RG-I) is one of the pectin family member abundant in plant cell walls. Process of RG-I extraction from cell walls, either as a one-step or several-stage process, conditions the structure and properties of obtained polysaccharides. In this paper, we provide comprehensive overview of the factors related to the source and extraction techniques that determine the yield and chemical composition of pectin belonging to RG-I. The role of the source material, solvent, pH, temperature, time and additional factors related to applied techniques, such as microwaves, ultrasounds, high and low pressure or enzymatic treatments are discussed.

Keywords: Extraction; Pectin; Rhamnogalacturonan I.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cell Wall* / chemistry
  • Microwaves
  • Pectins* / chemistry
  • Polysaccharides / analysis


  • rhamnogalacturonan I
  • Pectins
  • Polysaccharides