Promoting Adaptation in Female Inmates to Reduce Risk of Opioid Overdose Post-Release Through HOPE

Nurs Sci Q. 2022 Oct;35(4):455-463. doi: 10.1177/08943184221115123.


The purpose of the project was to develop a sustainable pre-release education program to reduce the risk of opioid overdose post-release in female inmates in a rural county jail in Middle Tennessee. The project was supported and guided using Roy's adaptation model. Content analysis resulted in common themes (initiation, moral failure, ineffective strategies, supportive environment, new beginnings, and adaptive domains), identified within the pre- and post-implementation surveys. The implementation of a successful reentry program for the vulnerable female incarcerated population has the potential to reduce the risk of opioid overdose death and negative health outcomes post-release.

Keywords: adaptation; female inmates; incarceration; opioid substance use disorder; reentry program.

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Humans
  • Opiate Overdose*
  • Prisoners*
  • Prisons
  • Surveys and Questionnaires