Characterization of multitype colonies originating from porcine blastocysts produced in vitro

Front Cell Dev Biol. 2022 Sep 12;10:918222. doi: 10.3389/fcell.2022.918222. eCollection 2022.

Abstract

Many types of embryonic stem cells have been induced from pre-implantation blastocysts to study the specification of early lineages. Various cell lines have been established using chemicals, including excessive inhibitory molecules. Previous studies have also aimed to purify cell populations representing a single embryonic lineage from a protocol. In this study, we used a novel culture condition to induce cells from blastocyst seeding and analyzed their characteristics. Next, signaling inhibitors were introduced during the cell culture period. Furthermore, we investigated the cell types using RNA sequencing. Each type of cell population showed a distinct morphology and reactivity with alkaline phosphatase. Marker proteins enabled each cell type to be distinguished by immunocytochemistry, and genes such as Sox17, Gata4, Gata6, T, and Cdx2 showed applicability for the discrimination of cell types. Signaling inhibitors suppressed the production of some cell types, and gene expression and marker protein patterns were collapsed. RNA-sequencing suggested cell-type-specific marker genes and the correlation among samples. In conclusion, four types of cells could be induced from porcine embryos using a single protocol, and they could be isolated manually. Our data will help promote the study of lineage segregation based on embryonic cells.

Keywords: RNA-seq; blastocyst attachment; embryo; lineage; segregation.