Comparative Transcriptome Reveals the Potential Modulation Mechanisms of Spdsx Affecting Ovarian Development of Scylla paramamosain

Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2022 Dec;24(6):1055-1065. doi: 10.1007/s10126-022-10165-5. Epub 2022 Sep 29.


In previous study, we reported the identification, tissue distribution, and the roles of Spdsx played in the testis, androgenic gland, and ovary in Scylla paramamosain. Here, we primally identify its potential target genes in the ovary with RNAi and RNA-Seq technology. By comparing the transcriptome data of two groups (ovaries that injected with dsRNA for EGFP and Dsx), we found that 6520 Unigenes were differentially expressed, including a plenty of conserved crucial genes involved in ovarian development, such as vitellogenin (vtg), vtg receptor (vtgR), apolipoprotein D, adenylate cyclase 3, adenylate cyclase 5, cyclin A, cyclin B, and cell division cycle 2 (cdc2). In addition, these DEGs were also enriched in pathways related to ovary development, including PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, insulin signaling pathway, Wnt signaling pathway, relaxin signaling pathway, estrogen signaling pathway, progesterone-mediated oocyte maturation, ovarian steroidogenesis, and oocyte meiosis. Moreover, several genes were selected for qRT-PCR to validate the accuracy of the bioinformatic result. According to current transcriptome result, we speculate that the Spdsx is a crucial regulator of ovary development in S. paramamosain. To the best of our knowledge, the current study was the first report about dsx function through comparative transcriptome analysis in crustacean species, which not only identified relevant genes and pathways involved in ovarian development of S. paramamosain, but also shed light on the regulatory mechanisms of dsx at the molecular level in crustacean.

Keywords: Dsx; Ovary development; Potential target genes; Scylla paramamosain; Transcriptome sequencing.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Brachyura* / genetics
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Male
  • Ovary
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / genetics
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism
  • Sex Differentiation
  • Transcriptome*


  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases