Proteotranscriptomic Integration analyses reveals new mechanistic insights regarding Bombyx mori fluorosis

Food Chem Toxicol. 2022 Nov;169:113414. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2022.113414. Epub 2022 Sep 27.


The commercial value of silkworms has been widely explored and the effects of fluoride exposure on silkworms' breeding and silk production cannot be ignored. Bombyx mori is a commonly used model to explore the mechanisms of fluorosis. In the present study, we analyzed the differences in physiological and biochemical indicators after exposing larva to NaF, then evaluated differential genes and proteins. Compared to control, larvae exposed to 600 mg L-1 NaF presented decreased bodyweight, damaged midgut tissue, and were accompanied by oxidative stress. The RNA-seq showed 1493 differentially expressed genes (574 upregulated and 919 downregulated). Meanwhile, the TMT detected 189 differentially expressed proteins (133 upregulated and 56 downregulated). The integrative analysis led to 4 upregulated and 9 downregulated genes and proteins. Finally, we hypothesized that fluoride exposure might affect the intestinal digestion of silkworms, inhibit the gene expression of detoxification enzymes and stimulate cellular immune responses. Our current findings provided new insights into insect fluorosis.

Keywords: Fluorosis; Mechanisms; Proteome; Transcriptome.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bombyx* / drug effects
  • Bombyx* / genetics
  • Bombyx* / metabolism
  • Digestive System / drug effects
  • Digestive System / metabolism
  • Environmental Exposure*
  • Environmental Pollutants* / toxicity
  • Fluorides* / toxicity
  • Gene Expression Regulation / drug effects
  • Insect Proteins* / genetics
  • Insect Proteins* / pharmacology
  • Larva / drug effects
  • Larva / genetics
  • Larva / metabolism
  • Silk / biosynthesis
  • Sodium Fluoride* / toxicity


  • Fluorides
  • Insect Proteins
  • Silk
  • Sodium Fluoride
  • Environmental Pollutants