The steady-state, monocular, accommodation response to sinusoidal grating targets (spatial frequencies 0.67, 2.0, 6.0 and 18 c/deg) at effective distances between 0.2 and 1.0 m was measured with a laser optometer, as a function of the grating modulation. In general, only a rather weak dependence of the response on modulation was observed. The results are discussed in terms of the theoretical modulation of the retinal image as a function of defocus. It is argued that the accommodative system usually works to produce a contrast in the grating image which is well above the detection threshold. Considerable inter-subject differences in response were observed, suggesting that a variety of strategies may be employed by different subjects when engaged upon the same voluntary accommodation task.