Comparative transcriptomic analysis revealed dynamic changes of distinct classes of genes during development of the Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum)

BMC Genomics. 2022 Sep 29;23(1):676. doi: 10.1186/s12864-022-08813-0.


Background: The Manila clam Ruditapesphilippinarum is one of the most economically important marine shellfish. However, the molecular mechanisms of early development in Manila clams are largely unknown. In this study, we collected samples from 13 stages of early development in Manila clam and compared the mRNA expression pattern between samples by RNA-seq techniques.

Results: We applied RNA-seq technology to 13 embryonic and larval stages of the Manila clam to identify critical genes and pathways involved in their development and biological characteristics. Important genes associated with different morphologies during the early fertilized egg, cell division, cell differentiation, hatching, and metamorphosis stages were identified. We detected the highest number of differentially expressed genes in the comparison of the pediveliger and single pipe juvenile stages, which is a time when biological characteristics greatly change during metamorphosis. Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis showed that expression levels of microtubule protein-related molecules and Rho genes were upregulated and that GO terms such as ribosome, translation, and organelle were enriched in the early development stages of the Manila clam. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis showed that the foxo, wnt, and transforming growth factor-beta pathways were significantly enriched during early development. These results provide insights into the molecular mechanisms at work during different periods of early development of Manila clams.

Conclusion: These transcriptomic data provide clues to the molecular mechanisms underlying the development of Manila clam larvae. These results will help to improve Manila clam reproduction and development.

Keywords: Different developmental stages; Molecular basis; Ruditapesphilippinarum; Transcriptomics.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Bivalvia* / genetics
  • Larva
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Seafood
  • Transcriptome*
  • Transforming Growth Factors


  • RNA, Messenger
  • Transforming Growth Factors