Frontline Perspectives from the Implementation of Evidenced-Informed Interventions to Improve Behavioral Health and HIV Outcomes Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men in the United States

AIDS Patient Care STDS. 2022 Oct;36(S1):S36-S45. doi: 10.1089/apc.2022.0093.


The perspectives and contributions of frontline staff are critical to the success of integrated HIV and behavioral health services in the United States (US). In this analytic essay, we share five key priority areas from frontline staff at four diverse sites funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration to support the implementation of interventions to improve HIV and behavioral health outcomes among Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) living with HIV. The five main priorities focused on: (1) COVID-19 pandemic adaptations; (2) recruitment/enrollment; (3) retention; (4) frontline self-care; and (5) replication considerations. Projects had to be nimble and innovative in their delivery of services; leverage existing infrastructure; and they had to try multiple approaches to reach BMSM and modify/drop them as needed. Future implementers should expect to support frontline staff self-care given the added stress of working under COVID-19 pandemic conditions and in communities with limited and uncoordinated behavioral health services.

Keywords: Black men who have sex with men; HIV; behavioral health; community-based research; frontline; patient centered.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19* / epidemiology
  • COVID-19* / therapy
  • HIV Infections* / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections* / therapy
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pandemics
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities*
  • United States / epidemiology