Omidubicel is an advanced cell therapy derived from umbilical cord blood (UCB) for use in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). A recent randomized phase 3 clinical trial demonstrated faster engraftment, shorter length of hospital stays, and lower rates of infection with omidubicel compared with standard UCB transplantation in patients with high-risk hematologic malignancies. Despite the proven clinical benefits of omidubicel, its impact on health-related quality of life (HRQL) from the patient's perspective has not been described. This study analyzed patient-reported HRQL measures collected prospectively in the randomized phase 3 trial comparing omidubicel to standard UCB transplantation. A total of 108 patients at 33 international stem cell transplantation centers underwent myeloablative allogeneic HCT with either omidubicel or standard UCB. Patients completed serial HRQL questionnaires at screening and on days 42, 100, 180, and 365 post-transplantation. The HRQL surveys included the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplant (FACT-BMT), a 50-item cancer-specific questionnaire assessing physical, functional, emotional, social/family, and HCT-specific well-being, and the EuroQol 5-Dimension 3-Level, a 5-item generic HRQL survey. A mixed model with repeated measures was used to compare changes in HRQL from baseline in the 2 treatment arms. The average change in HRQL scores over time was compared by estimating the difference in the area under the curve (AUC) in each treatment group. Seventy-five patients (omidubicel arm, n = 37; standard UCB arm, n = 38) who completed the FACT-BMT at baseline and on 1 or more follow-up visits were included in this study. Baseline characteristics were similar in the 2 treatment arms. Over the first year post-transplantation, the AUCs of mean changes in physical, functional, and total FACT-BMT scores indicated significantly better HRQL with omidubicel (P < .05), with mean differences across time points ranging from 1.4 to 3.1 points, 1.6 to 3.2 points, and 7.2 to 11.0 points, respectively. The minimal clinically important difference was exceeded at 1 or more time points for each of these measures. The HRQL improvements with omidubicel were observed as early as 42 days post-transplantation and persisted at 1 year, indicating the potential long-term benefits of omidubicel on HRQL. Across all patients, adverse clinical outcomes, such as grade 3 viral infections and lower rates of neutrophil engraftment, were associated with worse HRQL scores. The observed improvements in HRQL measures may reflect the known clinical benefits of omidubicel. Compared with standard UCB, allogeneic HCT with omidubicel resulted in significant and clinically meaningful improvements in patient-reported HRQL measures.
Keywords: Cellular therapy; Cord blood; Quality of life; Stem cell transplantation.
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