MPSproto: An extension of EuroForMix to evaluate MPS-STR mixtures

Forensic Sci Int Genet. 2022 Nov;61:102781. doi: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2022.102781. Epub 2022 Sep 26.


We have developed MPSproto as an extension of EuroForMix to improve handling of stutter artefacts and other typing errors that commonly occur in MPS-STR data. MPSproto implements two models for read depth: gamma and negative binomial. It differs from EuroForMix in that calibration is required before mixtures are interpreted. In this study a mixture dataset (2-4 persons) was revisited, where EuroForMix interpretation of MPS-STR mixtures using the LUS+ format was first described; the performance of this model was compared to the MPSproto models. Results indicated that, overall, the MPSproto models performed better than the conventional EuroForMix model, and the gamma model implemented in MPSproto performed best. Differences were highlighted and further investigated to establish causality. Goodness of fit tests showed that the MPSproto models were adequate for the sequence reads when a low analytical threshold was applied.

Keywords: Bracket format; ForenSeq; Likelihood ratio; MPS-STR.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Artifacts
  • DNA Fingerprinting* / methods
  • Humans
  • Microsatellite Repeats*
  • Software