COVID-19 vaccine acceptance among medical students in Romania

J Physiol Pharmacol. 2022 Apr;73(2). doi: 10.26402/jpp.2022.2.14. Epub 2022 Apr 20.

Abstract

Vaccination against COVID-19 is a highly debated subject that brings confusion due to contradictory information coming from the scientific community and the media. Our aim was to focus on a homogeneous group of students in the healthcare field to assess their intention to vaccinate and the drivers behind this decision. A cross-sectional study was performed in the spring of 2021 in a Medical University in Romania. 725 of the undergraduates that completed an online questionnaire regarding their intention to vaccinate against COVID-19 were included in the study. Univariable analysis and logistic regression were performed on several variables to analyze factors affecting the willingness to vaccinate against COVID-19. In our study sample, 93.1% of students presented a strong intention to vaccinate, out of which the highest proportion belonged to subjects studying general medicine (96%). On logistic regression, we identified the following predictor factors: previous infection with coronavirus, prior vaccination refusal, VAX score, scientifically oriented sources of information and preference for RNA-based technology. Medical students have an increased willingness towards vaccination. Even for them, a highly educated and informed group of subjects, the general attitude towards vaccinations has a strong impact on the choice of COVID-19 vaccination.

MeSH terms

  • AIDS Vaccines*
  • BCG Vaccine
  • COVID-19 Vaccines / therapeutic use
  • COVID-19* / prevention & control
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diphtheria-Tetanus Vaccine
  • Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine
  • Haemophilus Vaccines*
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines
  • Humans
  • Influenza Vaccines*
  • Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines*
  • RNA
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccines*
  • Romania
  • SAIDS Vaccines*
  • Students, Medical*
  • Typhoid-Paratyphoid Vaccines*
  • Vaccines, Inactivated
  • Vaccines, Synthetic

Substances

  • AIDS Vaccines
  • BCG Vaccine
  • COVID-19 Vaccines
  • Diphtheria-Tetanus Vaccine
  • Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine
  • Haemophilus Vaccines
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines
  • Influenza Vaccines
  • Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines
  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Vaccines
  • SAIDS Vaccines
  • Typhoid-Paratyphoid Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Inactivated
  • Vaccines, Synthetic
  • RNA