Open Reduction at 15 Months of Left Hip Dislocation in a Male Infant Diagnosed with Arthrogryposis

Am J Case Rep. 2022 Oct 4;23:e936627. doi: 10.12659/AJCR.936627.


BACKGROUND Arthrogryposis is a congenital condition of multiple contractures of joints associated with hip dislocation. The outcome of open reduction of hip dislocation in arthrogryposis patients is debatable. Open reduction of arthrogryposis is challenging for shallow acetabulum and extensive adhesions and fibrosis. For this reason, a careful extensive release must be carried out to achieve the open reduction of the hip in arthrogryposis patients. The literature lacks surgical recommendations for open reduction of the hip in arthrogryposis patients and how to deal with cases of the extruded bone segment during open reduction. CASE REPORT The patient presented in the first few weeks of life with bilateral clubfoot and left hip dislocation. Clinical diagnosis of arthrogryposis was made after referral to a genetics specialist. The hip was clinically irreducible. The patient underwent open reduction and femoral shortening using the Smith Peterson approach at the age of 15 months, with accidental extrusion of the proximal femur, which was retained immediately. The clinical outcome showed a painless, good range of motion. Radiographically, features of avascular necrosis and healed osteotomy site were evident. CONCLUSIONS A difficult hip reduction was expected in this arthrogryposis patient, which required careful dissection of surrounding fibrosis and appropriate femoral shortening. Careful dissection should be carried out during open reduction to avoid jeopardization of femoral head vascularity or even complete devitalization of the proximal femur.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Arthrogryposis* / complications
  • Arthrogryposis* / diagnosis
  • Arthrogryposis* / surgery
  • Fibrosis
  • Hip Dislocation* / complications
  • Hip Dislocation* / diagnostic imaging
  • Hip Dislocation* / surgery
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital* / diagnostic imaging
  • Hip Dislocation, Congenital* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Osteotomy
  • Treatment Outcome