Objective: Heterogeneous real-world evidence can complement the more strictly regulated clinical trial data. A benefit of this is the wide range of backgrounds, comorbidities and characteristics that can give additional insights into treatments. Observational, retrospective studies can help to fill in the mosaic that makes up a treatments landscape. Tildrakizumab, an interleukin 23p19 inhibitor, is approved for the treatment of plaque psoriasis and has been shown to be a safe and efficacious therapy in clinical trials and emerging real-world evidence. We aimed at confirming the efficacy of tildrakizumab in patients with plaque psoriasis in a dual center setting and identifying patients' characteristics leading to better treatment response.
Patients and methods: Patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis, eligible for systemic biological treatment, and treated with tildrakizumab were included in the study and the routine clinical parameters - Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), and safety - were retrospectively analyzed.
Results: The combined cohorts included 89 patients, of which 64% were naïve to biologic therapies. At the time of analysis efficacy assessment was available for 39 patients after 12 months of treatment, 73 patients after 36 weeks, 79 patients after 16 weeks and 82 patients after 4 weeks. PASI and DLQI decreased significantly over time, with 52/73 (71.2%) patients achieving PASI 100 after 36 weeks. No severe side-effects were recorded in association with tildrakizumab.
Conclusions: We confirmed the safety and efficacy of tildrakizumab in a real-world clinical setting. A higher proportion of patients naïve to biologics achieved a greater PASI response than patients who had previously been treated with biologics. The same was true for older patients and patients with a shorter history of disease.