Background: Transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) with the Harmony valve (Medtronic, Inc.) was recently approved to treat postoperative native outflow tract pulmonary regurgitation. While the 22 mm Harmony valve Early Feasibility Study demonstrated ventricular tachycardia (VT) in only 5% of patients, little is known about ventricular arrhythmias after TPVR with the larger 25 mm valve (TPV25).
Methods: A single center review was performed of patients with TPV25 implant from 2020 to 2021. Demographic, cardiac, procedural, and postimplant cardiac telemetry data were collected and compared between patients who did and did not have peri-implant ventricular arrhythmia.
Results: Thirty patients underwent TPV25 at a median age of 30 years. On postimplant telemetry, VT events were documented in 12 patients (40%); 11 nonsustained VT (NSVT) (median 3 episodes per patient and 6 beats per episode, maximum 157 episodes) and 1 sustained VT (3%), with Torsades de Pointes secondary to a short coupled premature ventricular contraction (PVC). VT events were associated with annular valve positioning (p < 0.001) and increased postimplant PVC burden (p < 0.0001), but there was no association between VT and other demongraphic, historical, or procedural factors. The frequency of NSVT events fell from 3/h from 0 to 12 h postimplant to 0.5/hr from 12 to 24 h (p < 0.001).
Conclusion: VT occurred commonly (40%) in the first 24 h after TPV25 implant, with self-limited NSVT in 11 of 12 patients and 1 patient with cardiac arrest secondary to Torsades de Pointes. VT only occurred with annular valve positioning. Larger, longer-term studies are needed to determine risk factors for and natural history of post-TPVR VT.
Keywords: arrhythmias; harmony valve; transcatheter valve; ventricular tachycardia.
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