The Evolving Curriculum in Quality Improvement and Patient Safety in Undergraduate and Graduate Medical Education: A Scoping Review

Am J Med Qual. 2022 Nov-Dec;37(6):545-556. doi: 10.1097/JMQ.0000000000000084. Epub 2022 Oct 7.


Quality Improvement and Patient Safety (QIPS) has become an increasingly important area of focus within undergraduate and graduate medical education. A variety of different QIPS curriculums have been developed, but standardization and effectiveness of these curriculums is largely unknown. The authors conducted a scoping review to explore the status of undergraduate and graduate nondegree QIPS curriculum in the United States. A scoping review was performed using The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) model as a guide. Two databases were screened from January 2019 to March 2022 to identify relevant articles. Forty-seven articles met eligibility criteria, with most articles (n = 38) focused on graduate medical education. Of those 38, 86.8% (33/38) were developed as curriculum specific to a particular specialty. The article highlights similarities and differences in structure, evaluation metrics, and outcomes, and subsequently offers insight into curriculum components that should help guide standardization of successful curriculum development moving forward.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Curriculum
  • Education, Medical, Graduate
  • Education, Medical, Undergraduate*
  • Humans
  • Patient Safety
  • Quality Improvement*
  • Students
  • United States